Periodontal Scaling and Root Planing (Deep Cleaning)
Periodontal Scaling and Root Planing, also known as a deep cleaning, is done when patients are showing signs of mild to moderate periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is caused by the buildup of plaque and calculus on the tooth and root surface which leads to inflammation of the gums and loss of the supporting structures around your teeth. Left untreated, periodontal disease can lead to pain, swelling and loss of teeth.
Scaling and root planing is done over the course of 2 appointments. Half of the mouth is cleaned at each appointment, and you are often numbed so the hygienist can clean below the gum to remove all bacteria and calculus buildup. Sometimes, an antibiotic agent is placed around the tooth to help remove any remaining bacteria and aid in healing.
Once periodontal treatment is completed, it is very important to maintain good brushing and flossing habits and see your dental hygienist for cleanings on a regular basis. Without good home care and regular maintenance with your hygienist, periodontal disease can progress leading to the need to repeat the procedure and/or tooth loss.